Privacy Policy

This website contents are hosted by SmugMug, a photo-sharing platform and image hosting service owned by SmugMug Inc. SmugMug Inc. is a US based company which operates the hardware and software technical infrastructure and deals with the functioning. Technically, this website is a specific area of the SmugMug Inc. website hosted at the web address while the custom domain has just a CName set to point to which redirects user requests and doesn't contain any web content at all.

This website and its owner, where technically possible, take a proactive approach to user privacy and ensure the necessary steps are taken to protect the privacy of its users throughout their visiting experience. By the way users can surf this website without providing any personal information and owing to this, without surfing limitation. This website complies to all EU and Italy national law and requirements for user privacy and, specifically, complies Section 13 of Legislative Decree no. 196/2003 of the Italian law.

The information provided is also based on the guidelines contained in Recommendation no. 2/2001, which was adopted on 17 May 2001 by the European data protection authorities within the Working Party set up under Article 29 of European Directive 95/46/EC in order to lay down minimum requirements for the collection of personal data online - especially with regard to arrangements, timing and contents of the information to be provided by data controllers to users visiting web pages for whatever purpose.

Use of Cookies and Navigation Data

This website uses cookies to improve the users experience while visiting the website. Cookies are small files saved to the user's computers hard drive that track, save and store information about the user's interactions and usage of the website. This allows this website, through its server to provide the users with a tailored experience within this website.

This website and its owner don’t install first party cookies, so no cookie are used to transmit personal information, nor are the so-called persistent cookies because no user tracking is implemented by this website or its owner in order to monitor its visitors to better understand how they use it and then no personal data concerning users is acquired by this website in this regard. As this website hosts photo galleries, it just consults, through its hosting company specific service, aggregated and anonymous statistics about quantity of photo hits where a photo hit is an image view request or, in other words, each time an image is loaded onto user screen without any connection to the user and any mention of type of visitor, unique or returning, nor his visit time period and lasting.

All cookies, technical and analytics, installed through this website are third party cookies and the presence of them don’t depend by this website or its owner; they are depending on this website hosting service company, SmugMug Inc. whose address and privacy policy link are mentioned below. SmugMug Inc. may use, in turn, third party services which may install cookies through this website.

Below is our fully cookie audit with a brief description of each cookie. Each cookie is a third party one and installed through this website by SmugMug Inc. and their third parties:

Session Cookie ( - Names: SMSESS, _ss - Cookies usually used to identify the user's session without him having to register and log in to this website. These cookies are normally followed by a long string of random digits and letters useful to follow the user anonymously and without the need of identify him.

Session Cookie ( - Names: ihy, Sreferrer - These cookie are used to show and embed videos and photos

Session Cookie ( for - Name: JSESSIONID - This cookie is a general purpose platform one, used by sites written in JSP. Usually used to maintain an anonymous user session by the server.

CloudFlare Web Statistics Cookies ( for - Name: __cfduid - This cookie is used as part of the function of CloudFlare. CloudFlare acts in many ways like a content delivery network however is also secures this website improving both the experience of users.

Quantcast Web Statistics Cookies ( for - Names: __qca, mc - These cookies are used as part of the function of Quantcast, a digital advertising company that provides website rankings and audience segmentation and targeted advertising whose services are provided to SmugMug Inc.

Snowplow Web Statistics Cookies ( for - Names: sp, _sp_id.ec11, _sp_ses.ec11 - These cookies are used as part of the function of Snowplow which is an event analytics platform which record events from a website, mobile app, server side systems, third party systems and any type of connected device, so that it is possible to have a record of what happened, when, and to whom.

Google Analytics Cookies ( for - Names: __utma, __utmb, __utmc, __utmv, __utmz - These cookies are used by Google as part of Google Analytics. These allow SmugMug Inc. to track usage of this website and use this information to improve this website and user experience.

Universal Google Analytics Cookies ( for - Names: __ga, _dc_gtm_UA-138402-23 - These cookies are used by Google as part of Universal Google Analytics. These allow SmugMug Inc. to track usage of this website and use this information to improve this website and user experience. The end of the name is a unique number which identifies the SmugMug Inc. Google Analytics account

If you believe there is a cookie we have missed from the above list then please contact us at so that we can add it.

No other cookies may be stored to user computer hard drive by external vendors because this website doesn’t use referral programs, sponsored links or adverts. No personal information is stored, saved or collected.

The information systems and software procedures relied upon to operate this website acquire personal data as part of their standard functioning; the transmission of such data is an inherent feature of Internet communication protocols. Such information is not collected in order to relate it to identified data subjects, however it might allow user identification after being processed and matched with data held by third parties.  These data are only used to extract anonymous statistical information on website use as well as to check its functioning; they are erased immediately after being processed.

Managing your Cookie Settings through your Browser

Most web browsers automatically accept cookies but you can alter your browser settings to prevent automatic acceptance or you can manually delete your cookie history whenever you wish. If you do not want this or other websites to use cookies, you can disable them within your browser: large portions of this website are still functional without cookies.

The following links explain how you can control cookies via your browser - remember that if you turn off cookies in your browser then these settings apply to all websites not just this one:

Internet Explorer - Chrome - Firefox - SafariOpera - Google Analytics

Contact & Communication

Sending email messages to the addresses mentioned on this website, which is done on the basis of a freely chosen, explicit, and voluntary option, entails acquisition of the sender's address, which is necessary in order to reply to any request, as well as of such additional personal data as is contained in the message(s).

Users contacting this website and/or its owner do so at their own discretion and provide any such personal details at their own risk. Your personal information is kept private and stored securely until a time it is no longer required or has no use. Every effort has been made to ensure a safe and secure form to email submission process but advise users using such form to email processes that they do so at their own risk.

This website and its owner use any information submitted to provide users with further information about this website content or to assist them in answering any questions or queries they may have submitted. This doesn't include using their details to subscribe them to any email newsletter program. Their details are not passed on to any third party.

Email Newsletter

This website and it owner don’t operate any email newsletter program, neither manual nor automatic, and don’t gather any email address to that purpose.

External Links

This website only looks to include quality, safe and relevant external links, users are advised adopt a policy of caution before clicking any external web links mentioned throughout this website. This website hosts an external link to own social web pages like Instagram, but no engagement and action can be taken from inside this website, they’re just anonymous links to those pages. Out of this website, further actions will be taken by users under their responsibility and from inside their respective accounts. Other links are present on this Privacy Policy page and they are related to the third party privacy policies and browser setting instructions to avoid cookies.

The owner of this website cannot guarantee or verify the contents of any externally linked website despite his best efforts. Users should therefore note they click on external links at their own risk and this website and its owner, even though constantly careful about, cannot be held liable for any damages or implications caused by visiting any of the external links mentioned.

Adverts and Sponsored Links

This website doesn’t contain sponsored links and adverts.

Place Where Data Is Processed

The processing operations related to the web-based services that are made available via this website are carried out at the aforementioned domicile of the Data Controller and at the technical office of SmugMug Inc., this website hosting company whose headquarters is in the United States of America: Suite 200 - 67 E Evelyn Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94041.

Processing Arrangements

Personal data is processed with automated means for no longer than is necessary to achieve the purposes for which it has been collected. Specific security measures are implemented to prevent the data from being lost, used unlawfully and/or inappropriately, and accessed without authorisation.

Data Subjects' Rights

Data subjects are entitled at any time to obtain confirmation of the existence of personal data concerning them and be informed of their contents and origin, verify their accuracy, or else request that such data be supplemented, updated or rectified (compliant with Italian law: Section 7 of Legislative Decree no. 196/2003).

The above Section also provides for the right to request erasure, anonymisation or blocking of any data that is processed in breach of the law as well as to object in all cases, on legitimate grounds, to processing of the data. All requests should be emailed to

Resources and Further Infornation

• Smugmug Privacy Policy

• Cloudflare Privacy Policy

• Quantcast Privacy Policy

• Snowplow Privacy Policy

• Google Privacy Policy

• Instagram Privacy Policy

Privacy Policy Changes

Although most changes are likely to be minor, c21stianophotography may change its Privacy Policy from time to time, and in c21stianophotography’s sole discretion. c21stianophotography encourages visitors to frequently check this page for any changes to its Privacy Policy. Your continued use of this site after any change in this Privacy Policy will constitute your acceptance of such change.

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